1. Under the logical outgrowth test used by the court, would the outcome have been different if the IRS simply published a proposed rule saying that they were going to alter the calculation of membership dues by tax-exempt organizations and did not provide further details or methods? Why or why not?
2. Given the standard used by the court, can you think of an example of a charge that would not be considered a logical outgrowth provided that the appropriate notice is initially given?

The IRS proposed a rule concerning the allocation of membership dues paid to nonprofit organizations under which certain nondues revenue was to be treated as taxable revenue as determined by a seven-factor test. After the comment period, the IRS replaced the seven-factor test with a new three-factor method, which was published as a final rule without any additional comment period. This resulted in increased tax liability for AMA, a nonprofit corporation that chargers its members’ dues and they brought a lawsuit claiming that the new three-factor allocation regulation was invalid because the IRS had never given the proper public notice required by the APA when they departed from their original seven-factor test.

  • CreatedNovember 06, 2014
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