1. Using Josephson’s Six Pillars of Character, which of the character traits (virtues) apply to the Harvard cheating scandal and how do they apply with respect to the actions of each of the stakeholders in this case?
2. Who is at fault for the cheating scandal? Is it the students, the teaching assistants, the professor, or the institution? Use the concepts of egoism and enlightened egoism to support your answer.
3. From a deontological perspective and the point of view of achieving justice, were anyone’s rights violated by the events of the scandal and outcome of the case? Explain why or why not.