1. What is meant by a “good will,” and why is it the only thing good “without qualification?”
2. Out of what motives other than duty do people act?
3. If we do the right thing, such as not overcharging customers or preserving our life, do these actions always have full moral worth, according to Kant?
4. What does Kant mean when he says that some kinds of love cannot be commanded?
5. What does duty have to do with having respect for morality?
6. How does Kant state his basic moral principle?
7. What is the difference between how one would reason about whether it is prudent to make a false or lying promise and how one should determine whether it is the right thing to do?
8. How does Kant describe what it means to be under obligation or subject to an “ought?”
9. What is the difference between a rule of skill, a counsel of prudence, and a command of morality?
10. Explain how Kant uses the categorical imperative in his four examples.
11. What does Kant mean by an “end?” How does this notion relate to the second form of the moral imperative?
12. Explain how Kant uses the second formulation in the same four examples.