1. What two things characterize human beings in their natural state, according to Locke?
2. Why does Locke hold that human beings are equal?
3. Why is the natural state of human liberty not a state of license, according to Locke? What does he mean by that?
4. How does the “state of nature” provide a basis for a “law of nature,” according to Locke?
5. According to Locke, how is it that some members of a society may have power over others in meting out punishment and taking reparations from them?
6. Why, according to Locke, do we need civil government?
7. According to Locke, was there ever really an existing state of nature as he describes it?