# Question

A box contains 10 red marbles and 10 green marbles.

a. Sampling at random from this box five times with replacement, you have drawn a red marble all five times. What is the probability of drawing a red marble the sixth time?

b. Sampling at random from this box five times without replacement, you have drawn a red marble all five times. Without replacing any of the marbles, what is the probability of drawing a red marble the sixth time?

c. You have tossed a fair coin five times and have obtained heads all five times. A friend argues that according to the law of averages, a tail is due to occur and, hence, the probability of obtaining a head on the sixth toss is less than .50. Is he right? Is coin tossing mathematically equivalent to the procedure mentioned in part a or the procedure mentioned in part b above? Explain.

a. Sampling at random from this box five times with replacement, you have drawn a red marble all five times. What is the probability of drawing a red marble the sixth time?

b. Sampling at random from this box five times without replacement, you have drawn a red marble all five times. Without replacing any of the marbles, what is the probability of drawing a red marble the sixth time?

c. You have tossed a fair coin five times and have obtained heads all five times. A friend argues that according to the law of averages, a tail is due to occur and, hence, the probability of obtaining a head on the sixth toss is less than .50. Is he right? Is coin tossing mathematically equivalent to the procedure mentioned in part a or the procedure mentioned in part b above? Explain.

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