Question

A fertilizer manufacturer has to fulfill supply contracts to its two main customers (650 tons to Customer A and 800 tons to Customer B). It can meet this demand by shipping existing inventory from any of its three warehouses. Warehouse 1 (W1) has 400 tons of inventory on hand, Warehouse 2(W2) has 500 tons, and Warehouse 3 (W3) has 600 tons. The company would like to arrange the shipping for the lowest cost possible, where the per-ton transit costs are as follows:


(a) Explain what each of the six decision variables (V) is:
V A1: ________________________________________
V A2: ________________________________________
V A3: ________________________________________
V B1: ________________________________________
V B2: ________________________________________
V B3: ________________________________________
(b) Write out the objective function in terms of the variables (V A1, V A2, etc.) and the objective coefficients.
(c) Aside from nonnegativity of the variables, what are the five constraints? Write a short description for each constraint, and write out the formula (and circle the type of equality/inequality).


After you formulate and enter the linear program for Problem B.27 in Excel, the Solver given you the following sensitivity report:


(d) How many of the constraints are binding?
(e) How much slack/surplus is there with the nonbinding constraint(s)
(f) What is the range of optimality on variable V A3?
(g) If we could shop 10 tons less to Customer a, how much money might we be able to save? If we could chose to short either Customer A or Customer B by 10 tons, which would we prefer to short?Why?


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  • CreatedJuly 23, 2013
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