Question: A particle in box is constrained to move in one
A particle in box is constrained to move in one dimension, like a bead on a wire, as illustrated in Fig. 28.16. Assume that no forces act on the particle in the interval 0 < x < L and that it hits a perfectly rigid wall. The particle will exist only in states of certain kinetic energies that can be determined by analogy to a standing wave on a string (Section 13.5). This means that an integral number n of half-wavelengths “fit” into the box’s length
Using this relationship, show that the “allowed” kinetic energies Kn of the particle are given by Kn = n2[h2 / (8mL2)], where n = 1, 2, 3, ... and m is the particle’s mass.
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