# Question

A random sample of 51 fatal crashes in 2009 in which the driver had a positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) from the National Highway Trafﬁc Safety Administration results in a mean BAC of 0.167 grams per deciliter (g/dL) with a standard deviation of 0.010 g/dL.

(a) A histogram of blood alcohol concentrations in fatal accidents shows that BACs are highly skewed right. Explain why a large sample size is needed to construct a conﬁdence interval for the mean BAC of fatal crashes with a positive BAC.

(b) In 2009, there were approximately 25,000 fatal crashes in which the driver had a positive BAC.Explain why this,along with the fact that the data were obtained using a simple random sample, satisﬁes the requirements for constructing a conﬁdence interval.

(c) Determine and interpret a 90% conﬁdence interval for the mean BAC in fatal crashes in which the driver had a positive BAC.

(d) All 50 states and the District of Columbia use a BAC of 0.08 g/dL as the legal intoxication level. Is it possible that the mean BAC of all drivers involved in fatal accidents who are found to have positive BAC values is less than the legal intoxication level? Explain.

(a) A histogram of blood alcohol concentrations in fatal accidents shows that BACs are highly skewed right. Explain why a large sample size is needed to construct a conﬁdence interval for the mean BAC of fatal crashes with a positive BAC.

(b) In 2009, there were approximately 25,000 fatal crashes in which the driver had a positive BAC.Explain why this,along with the fact that the data were obtained using a simple random sample, satisﬁes the requirements for constructing a conﬁdence interval.

(c) Determine and interpret a 90% conﬁdence interval for the mean BAC in fatal crashes in which the driver had a positive BAC.

(d) All 50 states and the District of Columbia use a BAC of 0.08 g/dL as the legal intoxication level. Is it possible that the mean BAC of all drivers involved in fatal accidents who are found to have positive BAC values is less than the legal intoxication level? Explain.

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