A witness testifies that the taxicab that struck and injured Smith in a dark alley was green. On investigation, the attorney for Green Taxi Company discovers that the witness identifies the correct color of a taxi in a dark alley 80 percent of the time. There are two taxi companies in town, Green and Blue. Green operates 15 percent of all local taxis. The law says that Green Taxi Company is liable for Smith’s injuries if and only if the probability that it caused them is greater than 0.5. Is Green liable? Explain.
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