# Question

According to the Congressional Directory, the official directory of the U.S. Congress, prepared by the Joint Committee on Printing, the age distribution for senators in the 109th U.S. Congress is as follows.

Age (yr) No. of senators

Under 50 ........... 12

50–59 ........... 33

60–69 ........... 32

70–79 ........... 18

80 and over .......... 5

Suppose that a senator from the 109th U.S. Congress is selected at random. Let

A = event the senator is under 50,

B = event the senator is in his or her 50s,

C = event the senator is in his or her 60s, and

S = event the senator is under 70.

a. Use the table and the f/N rule to find P(S).

b. Express event S in terms of events A, B, and C.

c. Determine P(A), P(B), and P(C).

d. Compute P(S), using the special addition rule and your answers from parts (b) and (c). Compare your answer with that in part (a).

Age (yr) No. of senators

Under 50 ........... 12

50–59 ........... 33

60–69 ........... 32

70–79 ........... 18

80 and over .......... 5

Suppose that a senator from the 109th U.S. Congress is selected at random. Let

A = event the senator is under 50,

B = event the senator is in his or her 50s,

C = event the senator is in his or her 60s, and

S = event the senator is under 70.

a. Use the table and the f/N rule to find P(S).

b. Express event S in terms of events A, B, and C.

c. Determine P(A), P(B), and P(C).

d. Compute P(S), using the special addition rule and your answers from parts (b) and (c). Compare your answer with that in part (a).

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