African Americans in a St. Louis suburb sued the city claiming they were discriminated against in schoolteacher hiring. Of the city’s population, 5.7% were African American; of 405 teachers in the school system, 15 were African American. Set up appropriate hypotheses and determine whether African Americans are underrepresented. Does your answer depend on whether you use a one-tailed or two-tailed test? In discrimination cases, the Supreme Court always uses a two-tailed test at the 5% significance level.
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