An air rifle shoots a lead pellet by allowing high-pressure air to expand, propelling the pellet down the rifle barrel. Because this process happens very quickly, no appreciable thermal conduction occurs, and the expansion is essentially adiabatic. Suppose that the rifle starts by admitting to the barrel 12.0 cm3 of compressed air, which behaves as an ideal gas with y = 1.40. The air expands behind a 1.10-g pellet and pushes on it as a piston with cross-sectional area 0.030 0 cm2, as the pellet moves 50.0 cm along the gun barrel. The pellet emerges with muzzle speed 120 m/s. Use the result of problem 53 to find the initial pressure required.
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