Alice J. and Bruce M. Byrd are married taxpayers who file a joint return. Their Social Security numbers are 123-45-6789 and 111-11-1111, respectively. Alice's birthday is September 21, 1966, and Bruce's is June 27, 1965. They live at 473 Revere Avenue, Lowell, MA 01850. Alice is the office manager for Lowell Dental Clinic, 433 Broad Street, Lowell, MA 01850 (employer identification number 98-765432). Bruce is the manager of a Super Burgers fast-food outlet owned and operated by Plymouth Corporation, 1247 Central Avenue, Hauppauge, NY 11788 (employer identification number 11-1111111). The following information is shown on their Wage and Tax Statements (Form W-2) for 2013.
The Byrds provide over half of the support of their two children, Cynthia (born January 25, 1989, Social Security number 123-45-6788) and John (born February 7, 1993, Social Security number 123-45-6786). Both children are full-time students and live with the Byrds except when they are away at college. Cynthia earned $4,200 from a summer internship in 2013, and John earned $3,800 from a part-time job.
During 2013, the Byrds furnished 60% of the total support of Bruce’s widower father, Sam Byrd (born March 6, 1937, Social Security number 123-45-6787). Sam lived alone and covered the rest of his support with his Social Security benefits. Sam died in November, and Bruce, the beneficiary of a policy on Sam’s life, received life insurance proceeds of $800,000 on December 28.
The Byrds had the following expenses relating to their personal residence during 2013:
Property taxes ....................... $5,000
Qualified interest on home mortgage .............. 8,800
Repairs to roof ...................... 5,750
Utilities ......................... 4,100
Fire and theft insurance .................... 1,900
The following facts relate to medical expenses for 2013:
Medical insurance premiums .................. $4,500
Doctor bill for Sam incurred in 2012 and not paid until 2013 .... 7,600
Operation for Sam ..................... 8,500
Prescription medicines for Sam ................ 900
Hospital expenses for Sam .................. 3,500
Reimbursement from insurance company, received in 2013 ...... 3,600
The medical expenses for Sam represent most of the 60% that Bruce contributed toward his father’s support.
Other relevant information follows:
• When they filed their 2012 state return in 2013, the Byrds paid additional state income tax of $900.
• During 2013, Alice and Bruce attended a dinner dance sponsored by the Lowell Police Disability Association (a qualified charitable organization). The Byrds paid $300 for the tickets. The cost of comparable entertainment would normally be $50.
• The Byrds contributed $5,000 to Lowell Presbyterian Church and gave used clothing (cost of $1,200 and fair market value of $350) to the Salvation Army. All donations are supported by receipts, and the clothing is in very good condition.
• In 2013, the Byrds received interest income of $2,750, which was reported on a Form 1099–INT from Second National Bank.
• Alice’s employer requires that all employees wear uniforms to work. During 2013, Alice spent $450 on new uniforms and $225 on laundry charges.
• Bruce paid $400 for an annual subscription to the Journal of Franchise Management.
• Neither Alice’s nor Bruce’s employer reimburses for employee expenses.
• The Byrds do not keep the receipts for the sales taxes they paid and had no major purchases subject to sales tax.
• Alice and Bruce paid no estimated Federal income tax. Neither Alice nor Bruce wants to designate $3 to the Presidential Election Campaign Fund.
Part 1—Tax Computation
Compute net tax payable or refund due for Alice and Bruce Byrd for 2013. If they have overpaid, they want the amount to be refunded to them. If you use tax forms for your computations, you will need Forms 1040 and 2106 and Schedules A and B. Suggested software: H&R BLOCK Tax Software.
Part 2—Tax Planning
Alice and Bruce are planning some significant changes for 2014. They have provided you with the following information and asked you to project their taxable income and tax liability for 2014.
The Byrds will invest the $800,000 of life insurance proceeds in short-term certificates of deposit (CDs) and use the interest for living expenses during 2014. They expect to earn total interest of $32,000 on the CDs.
Bruce has been promoted to regional manager, and his salary for 2014 will be $88,000. He estimates that state income tax withheld will increase by $4,000 and the Social Security tax withheld will be $5,456.
Alice, who has been diagnosed with a serious illness, will take a leave of absence from work during 2014. The estimated cost for her medical treatment is $15,400, of which $6,400 will be reimbursed by their insurance company in 2014. Their medical insurance premium will increase to $9,769.
John will graduate from college in December 2013 and will take a job in New York City in January 2014. His starting salary will be $46,000.
Assume that all of the information reported in 2013 will be the same in 2014 unless other information has been presented.

  • CreatedMay 25, 2015
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