# Question

Americans have become increasingly concerned about the rising cost of Medicare. In 1990, the average annual Medicare spending per enrollee was $3267; in 2003, the average annual Medicare spending per enrollee was $6883 (Money, Fall 2003). Suppose you hired a consulting firm to take a sample of fifty 2003 Medicare enrollees to further investigate the nature of expenditures. Assume the population standard deviation for 2003 was $2000.

a. Show the sampling distribution of the mean amount of Medicare spending for a sample of fifty 2003 enrollees.

b. What is the probability the sample mean will be within ± $300 of the population mean?

c. What is the probability the sample mean will be greater than $7500? If the consulting firm tells you the sample mean for the Medicare enrollees they interviewed was $7500, would you question whether they followed correct simple random sampling procedures? Why or why not?

a. Show the sampling distribution of the mean amount of Medicare spending for a sample of fifty 2003 enrollees.

b. What is the probability the sample mean will be within ± $300 of the population mean?

c. What is the probability the sample mean will be greater than $7500? If the consulting firm tells you the sample mean for the Medicare enrollees they interviewed was $7500, would you question whether they followed correct simple random sampling procedures? Why or why not?

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