Among 13,200 submitted abstracts that were blindly evaluated (with authors and institutions not identified), 26.7% were accepted for publication. Among 13,433 abstracts that were not blindly evaluated, 29.0% were accepted (based on data from “Effect of Blinded Peer Review on Abstract Acceptance,” by Ross, et al Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 295, No. 14). Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the acceptance rate is the same with or without blinding. How might the results be explained?
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