# Question

Anita Vasquez received $160,000 from her mother’s estate. She placed the funds into the hands of a broker, who purchased the following securities on Anita’s behalf:

a. Common stock was purchased at a cost of $80,000. The stock paid no dividends, but it was sold for $180,000 at the end of four years.

b. Preferred stock was purchased at its par value of $30,000. The stock paid a 6% dividend (based on par value) each year for four years. At the end of four years, the stock was sold for $24,000.

c. Bonds were purchased at a cost of $50,000. The bonds paid $3,000 in interest every six months. After four years, the bonds were sold for $58,500. (Note: In discounting a cash flow that occurs semiannually, the procedure is to halve the discount rate and double the number of periods. Use the same procedure in discounting the proceeds from the sale.)

The securities were all sold at the end of four years so that Anita would have funds available to start a new business venture. The broker stated that the investments had earned more than a 20% return, and he gave Anita the following computation to support his statement:

Common stock:

Gain on sale ($180,000 − $80,000) . . . . . . . . $100,000

Preferred stock:

Dividends paid (6% × $30,000 × 4 years) . . . 7,200

Loss on sale ($24,000 − $30,000) . . . . . . . . . (6,000)

Bonds:

Interest paid ($3,000 × 8 periods) . . . . . . . . . 24,000

Gain on sale ($58,500 − $50,000) . . . . . . . . . 8,500

Net gain on all investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $133,700

$133,700 ÷ 4 years / $160,000 = 20.9 %

Required:

(Ignore income taxes.)

1. Using a 20% discount rate, compute the net present value of each of the three investments. On which investment(s) did Anita earn a 20% rate of return? (Round computations to the nearest whole dollar.)

2. Considering all three investments together, did Anita earn a 20% rate of return? Explain.

3. Anita wants to use the $262,500 proceeds ($180,000 + $24,000 + $58,500 = $262,500) from sale of the securities to open a fast-food franchise under a 10-year contract. What net annual cash inflow must the store generate for Anita to earn a 16% return over the 10-year period? Anita will not receive back her original investment at the end of the contract. (Round computations to the nearest whole dollar.)

a. Common stock was purchased at a cost of $80,000. The stock paid no dividends, but it was sold for $180,000 at the end of four years.

b. Preferred stock was purchased at its par value of $30,000. The stock paid a 6% dividend (based on par value) each year for four years. At the end of four years, the stock was sold for $24,000.

c. Bonds were purchased at a cost of $50,000. The bonds paid $3,000 in interest every six months. After four years, the bonds were sold for $58,500. (Note: In discounting a cash flow that occurs semiannually, the procedure is to halve the discount rate and double the number of periods. Use the same procedure in discounting the proceeds from the sale.)

The securities were all sold at the end of four years so that Anita would have funds available to start a new business venture. The broker stated that the investments had earned more than a 20% return, and he gave Anita the following computation to support his statement:

Common stock:

Gain on sale ($180,000 − $80,000) . . . . . . . . $100,000

Preferred stock:

Dividends paid (6% × $30,000 × 4 years) . . . 7,200

Loss on sale ($24,000 − $30,000) . . . . . . . . . (6,000)

Bonds:

Interest paid ($3,000 × 8 periods) . . . . . . . . . 24,000

Gain on sale ($58,500 − $50,000) . . . . . . . . . 8,500

Net gain on all investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $133,700

$133,700 ÷ 4 years / $160,000 = 20.9 %

Required:

(Ignore income taxes.)

1. Using a 20% discount rate, compute the net present value of each of the three investments. On which investment(s) did Anita earn a 20% rate of return? (Round computations to the nearest whole dollar.)

2. Considering all three investments together, did Anita earn a 20% rate of return? Explain.

3. Anita wants to use the $262,500 proceeds ($180,000 + $24,000 + $58,500 = $262,500) from sale of the securities to open a fast-food franchise under a 10-year contract. What net annual cash inflow must the store generate for Anita to earn a 16% return over the 10-year period? Anita will not receive back her original investment at the end of the contract. (Round computations to the nearest whole dollar.)

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