# Question: Below we give two contingency tables of data from reports

Below we give two contingency tables of data from reports submitted by airlines to the U. S. Department of Transportation. The data concern the numbers of on- time and delayed flights for Alaska Airlines and AmericaWest Airlines at five major airports.
a. What percentage of all Alaska Airlines flights were delayed? That is, use the data to estimate the probability that an Alaska Airlines flight will be delayed. Do the same for America West Airlines. Which airline does best overall?
b. For Alaska Airlines, find the percentage of delayed flights at each airport. That is, use the data to estimate each of the probabilities P (delayed Los Angeles), P (delayed Phoenix), and so on. Then do the same for AmericaWest Airlines. Which airline does best at each individual airport?
c. We find that America West Airlines does worse at every airport, yet America West does best overall. This seems impossible, but it is true! By looking carefully at the data, explain how this can happen.

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