Blythe Industries Inc expects to maintain the same inventories
Blythe Industries Inc. expects to maintain the same inventories at the end of 2012 as at the beginning of the year. The total of all production costs for the year is therefore as, summed to be equal to the cost of goods sold. With this in mind, the various department heads were asked to submit estimates is as follows:
Estimated Estimated Variable Cost
Fixed Cost (per unit sold)
Production costs
Direct materials.............. − $30
Direct Labor................ − 20
Factory overhead.............. $340,000 11
Selling expenses:
Sales salaries and commissions ....... 80,000 5
Advertising ................ 32,000 −
Travel ................. 8,000 −
Miscellaneous selling expense ........ 7,000 5
Administrative expenses:
Office and officers’ salaries........... 120,000 −
Supplies ................ 8,000 2
Miscellaneous administrative expense .... 4,400 2
Total .................. $600,000 $75
It is expected that 8,000 units will be sold at a price of $200 a unit. Maximum sales within the relevant range are 9,000 units.
Instructions
1. Prepare an estimated income statement for 2012.
2. What is the expected contribution margin ratio?
3. Determine the break-even sales in units and dollars.
4. Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even Sales.
5. What is the expected margin of safety in dollars and as a percentage of sales?
6. Determine the operating leverage.

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