Buck Company incurred the following costs during August Raw
Buck & Company incurred the following costs during August:
Raw materials purchased . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 44,140
Direct labor ($12.50 per hour) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57,500
Manufacturing overhead (actual) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,300
Selling expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31,800
Administrative expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,700
Interest expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,400
Manufacturing overhead is applied on the basis of $20 per direct labor hour. Assume that overapplied or underapplied overhead is transferred to cost of goods sold only at the end of the year. During the month, 4,200 units of product were manufactured and 4,400 units of product were sold. On August 1 and August 31, Buck & Company carried the following inventory balances:


Required:
a. Prepare a statement of cost of goods manufactured for the month of August and calculate the average cost per unit of product manufactured.
b. Calculate the cost of goods sold during August.
c. Calculate the difference between cost of goods manufactured and cost of goods sold. How will this amount be reported in the financial statements?
d. (Optional) Prepare a traditional (absorption) income statement for Buck & Company for the month of August. Assume that sales for the month were $272,800 and the company’s effective income tax rate was34%.
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