Interpreting profitability and risk ratios Scania is a Swedish company that manufactures trucks and other heavy vehicles and provides financing for its customersâ€™ purchases. Exhibit 6.34 presents financial statement ratios for Scania for 2005, 2006, and 2007.
The amount on the common-size income statement for Net Financing Income is the difference between interest earned on accounts receivable from customers and interest expense on amounts borrowed to finance those receivables as well as other direct cost of its financial services.
a. What are the likely reasons for the increase in the profit margin for ROA during the three-year period from 2005 to 2007?
b. What are the likely reasons for the decreasing cost of goods sold to sales percentage combined with the increasing inventory turnover ratio during the three-year period?
c. What are the likely reasons the increase in the fixed asset turnover between 2006 and 2007.
d. The total assets turnover remained at .85 between 2005 and 2006, yet the accounts receivable. Inventory, and fixed asset turnovers increased. What is the likely explanation for the stable total assets turnover?
e. What are the likely explanations for the increase in the two cash flow ratios between 2005 and 2006?
f. What are the likely reasons for the decrease in the current and quick ratios between 2006 and 2007?
g. Did financial leverage work to the advantage of the common shareholders in each year?Explain.