Question: Calculate the minimum coating thickness
For many electronic applications, such as in computer chips, it is desirable to make components as small as possible to keep the temperature of the components low and to increase the speed of the device. Thin metallic coatings (films) can be used instead of wires to make electrical connections. Gold is especially useful because it does not oxidize readily. Its atomic mass is 197 u. A gold film can be no thinner than the size of a gold atom. Calculate the minimum coating thickness, assuming that a gold atom occupies a cubical volume in the film that is equal to the volume it occupies in a large piece of metal. This geometric model yields a result of the correct order of magnitude.
Answer to relevant QuestionsThe basic function of the carburetor of an automobile is to “atomize” the gasoline and mix it with air to promote rapid combustion. As an example, assume that 30.0 cm3 of gasoline is atomized into N spherical droplets, ...There are nearly π X 107 s in one year. Find the percentage error in this approximation, where “percentage error’’ is defined as Percentage error = | assumed value – true value | x 100 % True valueThe position of a pine wood derby car was observed at various times; the results are summarized in the following table. Find the average velocity of the car for (a) The first second, (b) The last 3 s, and (c) The entire ...Find the instantaneous velocity of the particle described in Figure P2.3 at the following times: (a) t = 1.0 s, (b) t = 3.0 s (c) t = 4.5 s, and (d) t = 7.5 sFigure P2.17 shows a graph of vx versus t for the motion of a motorcyclist as he starts from rest and moves along the road in a straight line. (a) Find the average acceleration for the time interval t = 0 to t = 6.00 s. ...
Post your question