Cincinnati Cycle Company produces two subassemblies JY 63 and RX 67 used
Cincinnati Cycle Company produces two subassemblies, JY-63 and RX-67, used in manufacturing motorcycles. The company is currently using an absorption costing system that applies overhead based on direct-labor hours. The budget for the current year ending December 31, 20x4 is as follows:

Jay Rexford, Cincinnati Cycle’s president, has been reading about a new type of costing method called activity-based costing. Rexford is convinced that activity-based costing will cast a new light on future profits. As a result, Jack Canfield, the company’s director of cost management, has accumulated cost pool information for this year shown on the following chart. This information is based on a product mix of 5,000 units of JY-63 and 5,000 units of RX-67

In addition, the following information is projected for the next calendar year, 20x5.

On January 1, 20x5, Rexford is planning to increase the prices of JY-63 to $710 and RX-67 to $910. Material costs are not expected to increase in 20x5, but direct labor will increase by 8 percent, and all manufacturing overhead costs will increase by 6 percent. Due to the nature of the manufacturing process, the company does not have any beginning or ending work-in-process inventories.
Cincinnati Cycle Company uses a just-in-time inventory system and has materials delivered to the production facility directly from the vendors. The raw-material inventory both at the beginning and the end of the month is immaterial and can be ignored for the purposes of a budgeted income statement.
The company uses the first-in, first-out (FIFO) inventory method.

1. Explain how activity-based costing differs from traditional product-costing methods.
2. Using activity-based costing, calculate the total cost for 20x5 for the following activity cost pools: material handling, inspection, machining, and assembly. (For the total costs, round to the nearest dollar.) Then, calculate the pool rate per unit of the appropriate cost driver for each of the four activities.
3. Prepare a table showing for each product line the estimated 20x5 cost for each of the following cost elements: direct material, direct labor, machining, assembly, material handling, and inspection. (Round to the nearest dollar.)
4. Prepare a budgeted statement showing the gross margin for Cincinnati Cycle Company for 20x5, using activity-based costing. The statement should show each product and a total for the company. Be sure to include detailed calculations for the cost of goods manufactured and sold. (Round each amount in the statement to the nearest dollar.)
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