Define the following terms: polysaccharide, furanose, pyra-nose, aldose, ketose, glycosidic bond, oligosaccharide, glycoprotein.
Answer to relevant QuestionsConsider the structures of arabinose and ri-bose. Explain why nucleotide derivatives of arabinose, such as ara-C and ara-A, are effective metabolic poisons. Draw a Haworth projection for the disaccha-ride gentibiose, given the following information: (a) It is a dimer of glucose. (b) The glycosidic linkage is β(1 → 6). (c) The anomeric carbon not involved in the glycosidic ...Why is the polysaccharide chitin a suitable material for the exoskeleton of invertebrates such as lobsters? What other sort of material can play a similar role? Many species have a third type of LDH sub-unit that is found predominantly in the testes. If this subunit, called C, were expressed in other tissues and could combine with the M and H subunits, how many LDH isozymes would be ...Show how the estimate of 33% efficiency of energy use in anaerobic glycolysis is derived.
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