Describe the microenvironments in the oral cavity. How can anaerobic bacteria survive in the mouth?
Answer to relevant QuestionsHow do pH and oxygen affect the microbial communities that grow in each different region of the gastrointestinal tract? Distinguish between the mechanism of cytotoxins and AB toxins. Provide at least one example of each. Identify the lymphocytes and the antigen-specific receptors involved in cell-mediated adaptive immunity. Identify some pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are recognized by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). What is the significance of the interactions between these molecules? Specificity and tolerance are necessary qualities for an adaptive immune response. However, memory seems to be less critical, at least at first glance. Define the role of immune memory and explain how the production and ...
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