Describe why some people have low instrumentalities even when their managers distribute outcomes based on performance.
Answer to relevant QuestionsAnalyze how professors try to promote equity to motivate students. What would be your levels of expectancy and instrumentality on this job? Which outcomes would have high valence for you on this job? What steps would your manager take to influence your levels of expectancy, instrumentality, ...What would be your level of self-efficacy on this job? Why would your self-efficacy be at this level? Should your manager take steps to boost your self-efficacy? If not, why not? If so, what would these steps be? Describe the steps managers can take to increase their power and ability to be effective leaders. What kinds of behaviors did this leader engage in? Were they appropriate for the situation? Why or why not?
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