A diving bell in the shape of a cylinder with a height of 2.50 m is closed at the upper end and opens at the lower end. The bell is lowered from air into sea water (p =| 1.025 g/cm3). The air in the bell is initially at 20.0°C. The bell is lowered to a depth (measured to the bottom of the bell) of 45.0 fathoms or 82.3 m. At this depth the water temperature is 4.0°C, and the bell is in thermal equilibrium with the water. (a) How high does sea water rise in the bell? (b) To what minimum pressure must the air in the bell be raised to expel the water that entered?
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