DNA evidence can be extracted from biological traces such as blood, hair, and saliva. “DNA fingerprinting” is increasingly used in the courtroom as well as in paternity testing. Given that a person is innocent, suppose that the probability of their DNA matching that found at the crime scene is only 0.000001, one in a million. Further, given that a person is guilty, suppose that the probability of their DNA matching that found at the crime scene is 0.99. Jane Doe’s DNA matches that found at the crime scene.
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