Question: Each year thousands of children are badly burned by hot tap
Each year thousands of children are badly burned by hot tap water. Figure P19.12 shows a cross-sectional view of an anti scalding faucet attachment designed to prevent such accidents. Within the device, a spring made of material with a high coefficient of thermal expansion controls a movable plunger. When the water temperature rises above a preset safe value, the expansion of the spring causes the plunger to shut off the water flow. If the initial length L of the unstressed spring is 2.40 cm and its coefficient of linear expansion is 22.0 X 10-6 (°C)-1, determine the increase in length of the spring when the water temperature rises by 30.0°C. (You will find the increase in length to be small. For this reason actual devices have a more complicated mechanical design, to provide a greater variation in valve opening for the temperature change anticipated.)
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