Entropy can be calculated by a relationship proposed by Ludwig Boltzmann: S = kB ln V where kB = 1.38 × 10–23 J/K and V is the number of ways a particular state can be obtained. (This equation is engraved on Boltzmann’s tombstone.) Calculate S for the three arrangements of particles in Table.
Answer to relevant QuestionsCalculate the energy required to change the temperature of 1.00 kg of ethane (C2H6) from 25.0oC to 73.4oC in a rigid vessel. (Cv for C2H6 is 44.60 J K-1 mol-1.) Calculate the energy required for this same temperature change ...A cylinder with an initial volume of 10.0 L is fitted with a frictionless piston and is filled with 1.00 mole of an ideal gas at 25oC. Assume that the surroundings are large enough so that if heat is withdrawn from or added ...The synthesis of glucose directly from CO2 and H2O and the synthesis of proteins directly from amino acids are both non-spontaneous processes under standard conditions. Yet these processes must occur for life to exist. In ...For the reaction C2H2(g) + 4F2(g) → 2CF4(g) + H2(g) ΔSo is equal to -358 J/ K. Use this value and data from Appendix 4 to calculate the value of So for CF4(g). From data in Appendix 4, calculate ΔHo, ΔSo, and ΔGo for each of the following reactions at 25oC. a. CH4(g) + 2O2(g) → CO2(g) + 2H2O(g) b. 6CO2(g) + 6H2O(l) → C6H12O6(s) + 6O2(g) Glucose c. P4O10(s) + 6H2O(l) ...
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