Explain arguments in favor of the divine command theory of ethics, as well as arguments against that theory. Is it true that if there were no God, then everything would be permitted?
Answer to relevant QuestionsIs the humanistic or secular approach to ethics better or worse than religious approaches to ethics? Is the humanistic or secular approach antagonistic to religion?What are the differences among the three reasons for supporting ethical relativism given in this chapter? In particular, what is the basic difference between the first and second? Between the first and third?Give two different formulations or versions of psychological egoism and ethical egoism.1. Why might Darwinian evolution incline us toward the idea that competition makes nature “red in tooth and claw?”2. How are “nepotistic altruism” and “reciprocal altruism” explained in evolutionary terms?3. How ...Explain Kant’s use of the first form of the categorical imperative to argue that it is wrong to make a false promise. (Make sure that you do not appeal to the bad consequences as the basis of judging it wrong.)
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