Question

Foggy Mountain Company manufactures several styles of banjos. Management estimates that during the second quarter of the current year, the company will be operating at 80 percent of normal capacity. Because Foggy Mountain wants to increase utilization of the plant, the company has decided to consider special orders for its products.
Foggy Mountain has just received inquiries from a number of companies concerning the possibility of a special order and has narrowed the decision to two companies. The first inquiry is from CCR Company, which would like to market a banjo very similar to one of Foggy Mountain’s. The CCR banjo would be marketed under CCR’s own label. CCR has offered Foggy Mountain $57.50 per banjo for 20,000 banjos to be shipped by June 1. The cost data for the Foggy Mountain banjo are as follows:
Regular selling price per banjo ........ $ 90.00
Costs per unit:
Raw material ............... $ 25.00
Direct labor (5 hours @ $6) .......... 30.00
Overhead (2.5 machine hours @ $4) ..... 10.00
Total costs ................ $ 65.00
According to the specifications provided by CCR, the banjo that the company wants requires less expensive raw material. Consequently, the raw material would cost only $22 per banjo. Foggy Mountain has estimated that all remaining costs would not change.
The second special order was submitted by Seager & Buffet Company for 7,500 banjos at $75 per banjo. These banjos would be marketed under the Seager & Buffet label and also would be shipped by June 1. However, the Seager & Buffet model is different from any banjo in the Foggy Mountain product line. The estimated per unit costs are as follows:
Raw material ............. $32.50
Direct labor (5 hours @ $6) ........ 30.00
Overhead (5 machine hours @ $4) ...... 20.00
Total costs .............. $82.50
In addition, Foggy Mountain would incur $15,000 in additional setup costs and would have to purchase a $22,500 special machine to manufacture these banjos; this machine would be discarded once the special order has been completed.
The Foggy Mountain manufacturing capabilities are limited in the total machine hours available. The plant capacity under normal operations is 900,000 machine hours per year, or 75,000 machine hours per month. The budgeted fixed overhead for the year is $2,160,000. All manufacturing overhead costs are applied to production on the basis of machine hours at $4 per hour.
Foggy Mountain will have the entire second quarter to work on the special orders. Management does not expect any repeat sales to be generated from either special order. Company practice precludes Foggy Mountain from subcontracting any portion of an order when special orders are not expected to generate repeat sales.

Required
A. What is the excess capacity of machine hours available in the second quarter?
B. What is the variable overhead rate per machine hour?
C. Based on the preceding information and your analysis, would you accept CCR’s offer?
D. What is the unit contribution margin per banjo for the Seager & Buffet order?
E. What is the actual gain (loss) incurred by accepting Seager & Buffet’s offer?



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  • CreatedMarch 11, 2015
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