# Question

Genes relating to albinism are denoted by A and a. Only those people who receive the a gene from both parents will be albino. Persons having the gene pair A, a are normal in appearance and, because they can pass on the trait to their offspring, are called carriers. Suppose that a normal couple has two children, exactly one of whom is an albino. Suppose that the nonalbino child mates with a person who is known to be a carrier for albinism.

(a) What is the probability that their first offspring is an albino?

(b) What is the conditional probability that their second offspring is an albino given that their firstborn is not?

(a) What is the probability that their first offspring is an albino?

(b) What is the conditional probability that their second offspring is an albino given that their firstborn is not?

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