# Question

George is planning to open a drive-through photodeveloping booth with a single service window that will be open approximately 200 hours per month in a busy commercial area. Space for a drive-through lane is available for a rental of $200 per month per car length. George needs to decide how many car lengths of space to provide for his customers.

Excluding this rental cost for the drive-through lane, George believes that he will average a profit of $4 per customer served (nothing for a drop off of film and $8 when the photographs are picked up). He also estimates that customers will arrive randomly (a Poisson process) at a mean rate of 20 per hour, although those who find the drive-through lane full will be forced to leave. Half of the customers who find the drive-through lane full wanted to drop off film, and the other half wanted to pick up their photographs. The half who wanted to drop off film will take their business elsewhere instead. The other half of the customers who find the drive-through lane full will not be lost because they will keep trying later until they can get in and pick up their photographs. George assumes that the time required to serve a customer will have an exponential distribution with a mean of 2 minutes.

(a) Find L and the mean rate at which customers are lost when the number of car lengths of space provided is 2, 3, 4, and 5.

(b) Calculate W from L for the cases considered in part (a).

(c) Use the results from part (a) to calculate the decrease in the mean rate at which customers are lost when the number of car lengths of space provided is increased from 2 to 3, from 3 to 4, and from 4 to 5. Then calculate the increase in expected profit per hour (excluding space rental costs) for each of these three cases.

(d) Compare the increases in expected profit found in part (c) with the cost per hour of renting each car length of space. What conclusion do you draw about the number of car lengths of space that George should provide?

Excluding this rental cost for the drive-through lane, George believes that he will average a profit of $4 per customer served (nothing for a drop off of film and $8 when the photographs are picked up). He also estimates that customers will arrive randomly (a Poisson process) at a mean rate of 20 per hour, although those who find the drive-through lane full will be forced to leave. Half of the customers who find the drive-through lane full wanted to drop off film, and the other half wanted to pick up their photographs. The half who wanted to drop off film will take their business elsewhere instead. The other half of the customers who find the drive-through lane full will not be lost because they will keep trying later until they can get in and pick up their photographs. George assumes that the time required to serve a customer will have an exponential distribution with a mean of 2 minutes.

(a) Find L and the mean rate at which customers are lost when the number of car lengths of space provided is 2, 3, 4, and 5.

(b) Calculate W from L for the cases considered in part (a).

(c) Use the results from part (a) to calculate the decrease in the mean rate at which customers are lost when the number of car lengths of space provided is increased from 2 to 3, from 3 to 4, and from 4 to 5. Then calculate the increase in expected profit per hour (excluding space rental costs) for each of these three cases.

(d) Compare the increases in expected profit found in part (c) with the cost per hour of renting each car length of space. What conclusion do you draw about the number of car lengths of space that George should provide?

## Answer to relevant Questions

At the Forrester Manufacturing Company, one repair technician has been assigned the responsibility of maintaining three machines. For each machine, the probability distribution of the running time before a breakdown is ...Marsha operates an expresso stand. Customers arrive according to a Poisson process at a mean rate of 30 per hour. The time needed by Marsha to serve a customer has an exponential distribution with a mean of 75 seconds. (a) ...Consider the E2/M/1 model with λ = 4 and μ = 5. This model can be formulated in terms of transitions that only involve exponential distributions by dividing each interarrival time into two consecutive phases, each having ...Reconsider the County Hospital emergency room problem as analyzed in Sec. 17.8. Suppose that the definitions of the three categories of patients are tightened somewhat in order to move marginal cases into a lower category. ...Show that by using the statistical definitions of L and Lq in terms of the Pn.Post your question

0