Question: Horizontal analysis refers to changes of financial statement numbers and

Horizontal analysis refers to changes of financial statement numbers and ratios across two or more years. Vertical analysis refers to financial statement amounts expressed each year as proportions of a base such as sales for the income- statement accounts and total assets for the balance- sheet accounts.
Exhibit 4.55.1 contains Retail Company’s prior- year (audited) and current- year (unaudited) financial statements, along with amounts and percentages of change from year to year (horizontal analysis) and common- size percentages (vertical analysis). Exhibit 4.55.2 contains selected financial ratios based on these financial statements. Analysis of these data can enable auditors to discern relationships that raise questions about misleading financial statements.

Study the data in Exhibits 4.55.1 and 4.55.2 .Write a memorandum identifying and explain-ing potential problem areas where misstatements in the current- year financial statements could exist. Additional information about Retail Company is as follows:
• The new bank loan, obtained on July 1 of the current year, requires maintenance of a 2: 1 current ratio.
• Principal of $ 100,000 plus interest on the 10 percent long- term note obtained several years ago in the original amount of $ 800,000 is due each January 1.
• The company has never paid dividends on its common stock and has no plans for a dividend.

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  • CreatedOctober 27, 2014
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