How are loose sediments transformed (lithified) into hard sedimentary rock?
Answer to relevant QuestionsWhy is most sediment and sedimentary rock deposited in horizontal or near-horizontal layers or beds?What type of bed is illustrated in Fig. 5.5(a)?Some sandstones are said to be “mature.” What does this mean, and what does it reveal about the history of the sandstone?Explain sedimentary facies. (See Fig. 5.10.)What is dolomite or dolostone?
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