# Question: Imagine that you are a financial manager of a multinational

Imagine that you are a financial manager of a multinational corporation, like Starbucks Coffee, in charge of determining the impact of exchange rate changes on the firm. Changes in currency exchange affect both the balance sheet and the income statement. The balance sheet impact occurs when the value of international assets are translated to U.S. dollars. The values of those assets change as the exchange rate changes. The value of costs, revenue, and profit also are impacted on the income statement because of exchange rate risk. Consider that your firm has the following investments in coffee bean production and processing:
COUNTRY VALUE (MILLIONS)
Columbia ............ \$75
Kenya ............. 100
Papua New Guinea ....... 80
The expense of all the labor, production, and beans will require the following exchanges to the foreign currency:
COUNTRY CASH FLOW (MILLIONS)
Columbia ........... 78,180 pesos
Kenya ............ 3,200 shilling
Papua New Guinea ........ 100 kina
Your firm has also invested in store facilities to sell the coffee products. The countries and the value of the investments are:
COUNTRY VALUE (MILLIONS)
Japan ............. 100
United Kingdom ....... 150
The net profit from these countries next year is projected to be:
COUNTRY CASH FLOW (MILLONS)
Japan ............. ¥7,200
United Kingdom ....... £30
Current spot exchange rates are:
\$1 = 2,204.5 Columbian pesos
\$1 = 69.480 Kenyan shilling
\$1 = 3.0189 Papua New Guinea kina
\$1 =117.04 Japanese yen
\$1 = 0.5182 British pound
a. What is the impact on the value of the international assets and the cash flow if the dollar were to devalue by ten percent against each currency (one at a time)?
b. What is the overall impact of a 10 percent dollar devaluation against every currency?
c. What the impact on the value of the international assets and the cash flow if the dollar were to strengthen by ten percent against each currency (one at a time)?
d. What is the overall impact of a 10 percent strengthening against every currency? What can be done to hedge this risk?

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