In 1990, the mean height of women 20 years of age or older was 63.7 inches based on data obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advance Data Report, No. 347. Suppose that a random sample of 45 women who are 20 years of age or older today results in a mean height of 63.9 inches.
(a) State the appropriate null and alternative hypotheses to assess whether women are taller today.
(b) Suppose the P-value for this test is 0.35. Explain what this value represents.
(c) Write a conclusion for this hypothesis test assuming an α = 0.10 level of signiﬁcance.