In a few sentences, indicate how the bacterial endospore differs from the vegetative cell in structure, chemical composition, and ability to resist extreme environmental conditions.
Answer to relevant QuestionsDefine the following terms: mature endospore, vegetative cell, and germination. In the experiment described in Figure, what is the control and why is it essential? How large can a prokaryote be? How small? Why is it that we likely know the lower limit more accurately than the upper limit? What are the dimensions of the rod- shaped bacterium Escherichia coli? Why are amino acids so named? Write a general structure for an amino acid. What is the importance of the R group to final protein structure? Why does the amino acid cysteine have special significance for protein structure? The genome of the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae consists of one double- stranded DNA molecule that contains 2220 kilobase pairs. Calculate the length of this DNA molecule in centimeters. If 85% of this DNA molecule is made ...
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