In addition to using numerical prefixes in the general names
In addition to using numerical prefixes in the general names of sugars to indicate how many carbon atoms are present, we sometimes use the prefixes keto-and aldo-to indicate whether the sugar is a ketone or an aldehyde. For example, the monosaccharide fructose is often called a ke- tohexose to emphasize that it contains six carbons as well as the ketone functional group. For each of the monosaccharides shown in Table, classify the sugars as aldo- hexoses, aldopentoses, ketohexoses, or ketopentoses.
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