# Question

In an article in Advertising Age, Nancy Giges studies global spending patterns. Giges presents data concerning the percentage of adults in various countries who have purchased various consumer items (such as soft drinks, athletic footware, blue jeans, beer, and so on) in the past three months.

a. Suppose we wish to justify the claim that fewer than 50 percent of adults in Germany have purchased blue jeans in the past three months. The survey reported by Giges found that 45 percent of the respondents in Germany had purchased blue jeans in the past three months. Assume that a random sample of 400 German adults was employed, and let p be the proportion of all German adults who have purchased blue jeans in the past three months. If, for the sake of argument, we assume that p .5, use the normal approximation to the binomial distribution to calculate the probability that 45 percent or fewer of 400 randomly selected German adults would have purchased blue jeans in the past three months.

b. Based on the probability you computed in part a, would you conclude that p is really less than .5? That is, would you conclude that fewer than 50 percent of adults in Germany have purchased blue jeans in the past three months? Explain.

a. Suppose we wish to justify the claim that fewer than 50 percent of adults in Germany have purchased blue jeans in the past three months. The survey reported by Giges found that 45 percent of the respondents in Germany had purchased blue jeans in the past three months. Assume that a random sample of 400 German adults was employed, and let p be the proportion of all German adults who have purchased blue jeans in the past three months. If, for the sake of argument, we assume that p .5, use the normal approximation to the binomial distribution to calculate the probability that 45 percent or fewer of 400 randomly selected German adults would have purchased blue jeans in the past three months.

b. Based on the probability you computed in part a, would you conclude that p is really less than .5? That is, would you conclude that fewer than 50 percent of adults in Germany have purchased blue jeans in the past three months? Explain.

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