In Chapter 10 we will learn about mutations, inheritable changes in the sequence of nucleotides in the genome. By inspecting Table, discuss how the genetic code has evolved to help minimize the impact of mutations.
Answer to relevant QuestionsDescribe the key molecular processes that occur when a cell grows and divides. Compare and contrast the enzymes catalase, superoxide dismutase, and superoxide reductase as regards their substrates and products. Describe how new peptidoglycan subunits are inserted into the growing cell wall. How does the antibiotic penicillin kill bacterial cells, and why does it kill only growing cells? Why is investigation of the metabolome lagging behind that of the proteome? What is the relationship between genome size and open reading frame content of prokaryotic genomes?
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