In Example 8 about Down syndrome, we estimated the probability of a positive test result (predicting that Down syndrome is present) to be P(POS) = 0.257, based on observing 1355 positive results in 5282 observations. How good is such an estimate? From Section 4.2, 1/1n is an approximate margin of error in estimating a proportion with n observations.
a. Find the approximate margin of error to describe how well this proportion estimates the true probability, P(POS).
b. The long run in the definition of probability refers to letting n get very large. What happens to this margin of error formula as n keeps growing, eventually toward infinity? What’s the implication of this?

  • CreatedSeptember 11, 2015
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