In recent years, Grace Inc. has reported steadily increasing income. The company reported income of $20,000 in 2011, $25,000 in 2012, and 530,000 in 2013. Several market analysts have recommended that investors buy Grace
Inc. shares because they expect the steady growth in income to continue. Grace is approaching the end of its 2014 fiscal year, and it looks to be a good year once again. However, it has not yet recorded warranty expense.
Based on prior experience, this years warranty expense should be around $5,000, but some of top management has approached the controller to suggest that a larger, more conservative warranty expense should be recorded this year.
Income before warranty expense is $4 3 ,000. Specifically, by recording an $8,000 warranty accrual this year, Grace could report an income increase for this year and still be in a position to cover its warranty costs in future years.
(a) What is earnings management?
(b) What would be the effect of the proposed accounting in 2014? In 2015?
(c) What is the appropriate accounting in this situation?
(d) Discuss the effect of the proposed accounting on a potential investor\; decision to invest in the company.

  • CreatedSeptember 18, 2015
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