In “The Overtime Rule in the National Football League: Fair or Unfair?” by Gorgievski et al., mathama TYC Educator, Vol. 2, No. 1, the authors report that among 414 football games won in overtime, 235 were won by the team that won the coin toss at the beginning of overtime. Using a 0.05 significance level, test the claim that the coin toss is fair in the sense that neither team has an advantage by winning it.
Test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Use the P-value method unless your instructor specifies otherwise. Use the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution.

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