In the previous problem we noted that the differences in cognitive skills tend to be bigger among older people than among younger people. These differences are often called diversity. Similarly, the differences in performance from trial to trial for the same person are often called consistency. Research in this area suggests that consistency of performance
seems to decline as people age. A study by Wegesin and Stern (2004) found lower consistency (more variability) in the memory performance scores for older women than for younger women. The following data represent memory scores obtained for two women, one older and one younger, over a series of memory trials.
a. Calculate the variance of the scores for each
b. Are the scores for the younger woman more consistent
(less variable)?

  • CreatedSeptember 22, 2015
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