Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by writing T or F in the answer column.
1. In our country, the principles and ideals guarding our individual liberty and freedom are presented in the common law. 1. __________
2. Amendments to the federal Constitution require approval, or ratification, by a majority vote by Congress. 2. __________
3. The power of a court to determine whether laws enacted by legislatures or decisions made by lower courts violate the Constitution is judicial review. 3. __________
4. Statutes are laws passed by state and federal legislatures. 4. __________
5. Laws enacted by local governments such as a city council are often called ordinances.
5. __________
6. The kind of law that results when a court disregards an existing statute, an accepted precedent, or a principle of common law, or interprets them differently, with the result that a new precedent is established is known as precedent law. 6. __________
7. The purpose of the Uniform Commercial Code is to provide uniform laws for all states to regulate business transactions in the states. 7. __________
8. Unenforceable obligations that people have to one another are considered to be an aspect of moral law. 8. __________
9. The authority of a court, as granted by a constitution or legislative act, is known as the court’s jurisdiction. 9. __________
10. If a court has the power to review the decisions of another court, it has original jurisdiction. 10. __________
11. Juvenile courts, the U. S. Tax Court, and domestic relations courts are known as courts of original jurisdiction. 11. __________
12. A court that has original jurisdiction in cases involving federal statutes, and in cases when the parties are citizens of different states, is known as a federal district court.
12. __________
13. Normally appeals from federal district courts are initially heard by state supreme courts.
13. __________
14. Special courts set up to handle small or minor cases, often with a limit on the amount of the claim, are known as circuit courts. 14. __________
15. State courts that have original jurisdiction for cases not otherwise directed to a specialized court are trial courts. 15. __________

  • CreatedOctober 01, 2015
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