Question

JC Penney Company uses LIFO in applying the lower-of-cost-or-market. Recent financial statements were used to compile the following information (dollar figures in millions):
Average inventory (throughout the year) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 3,142
Current assets (at year-end) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,652
Current liabilities (at year-end) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,249
Net sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17,556
Cost of goods sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,646
Gross profit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,910
Average time required to collect outstanding receivables (approximate) . . . . . . . . . . . 5 days
Instructions
a. Using the information provided, compute the following measures based upon the LIFO method:
1. Inventory turnover.
2. Current ratio (see Chapter 5 for a discussion of this ratio).
3. Gross profit rate (see Chapter 6 for a discussion of this statistic).
b. Assuming the cost of goods sold would be lower under FIFO, what circumstances must the company have encountered to cause this situation? (Were replacement costs, on average, rising or falling?)
c. How would you expect these ratios to differ (i.e., what direction) had the company used FIFO instead of LIFO?
d. Explain why the average number of days required by JC Penney to collect its accounts receivable is so low.



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  • CreatedApril 17, 2014
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