Jerry Stackhouse of the National Basketball Association's Dallas Mavericks is the best free-throw shooter on the team, making 89% of his shots (ESPN website, July, 2008).
Assume that late in a basketball game, Jerry Stackhouse is fouled and is awarded two shots.
a. What is the probability that he will make both shots?
b. What is the probability that he will make at least one shot?
c. What is the probability that he will miss both shots?
d. Late in a basketball game, a team often intentionally fouls an opposing player in order to stop the game clock. The usual strategy is to intentionally foul the other team's worst free-throw shooter. Assume that the Dallas Mavericks' center makes 58% of his free-throw shots. Calculate the probabilities for the center as shown in parts (a), (b), and (c), and show that intentionally fouling the Dallas Mavericks' center is a better strategy than intentionally fouling Jerry Stackhouse.