Question

Lang Company began operations on January 1, 2014, by issuing common stock for $64,000 cash. During 2014, Lang received $95,000 cash from revenue and incurred costs that required $75,000 of cash payments.

Required
Prepare an income statement and a balance sheet for Lang Company for 2014, under each of the following independent scenarios.
a. Lang is a promoter of rock concerts. The $75,000 was paid to provide a rock concert that produced the revenue.
b. Lang is in the car rental business. The $75,000 was paid to purchase automobiles. The auto-mobiles were purchased on January 1, 2014, and have five-year useful lives, with no expected salvage value. Lang uses straight-line depreciation. The revenue was generated by leasing the automobiles.
c. Lang is a manufacturing company. The $75,000 was paid to purchase the following items:
(1) Paid $12,000 cash to purchase materials that were used to make products during the year.
(2) Paid $22,000 cash for wages of factory workers who made products during the year.
(3) Paid $5,000 cash for salaries of sales and administrative employees.
(4) Paid $36,000 cash to purchase manufacturing equipment. The equipment was used solely to make products. It had a three-year life and a $6,000 salvage value. The company uses straight-line depreciation.
(5) During 2014, Lang started and completed 2,000 units of product. The revenue was earned when Lang sold 1,500 units of product to its customers.
d. Refer to Requirement c. Could Lang determine the actual cost of making the 500th unit of product? How likely is it that the actual cost of the 500th unit of product was exactly the same as the cost of producing the 501st unit of product? Explain why management may be more interested in average cost than in actual cost.



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  • CreatedFebruary 07, 2014
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