Question

Leander Office Products Inc. produces and sells small storage and organizational products for office use. During the first month of operations, the products sold well. Andrea Leander, the owner of the company, was surprised to see a loss for the month on her income statement. This statement was prepared by a local bookkeeping service recommended to her by her bank manager. The statement follows:
Leander is discouraged over the loss shown for the month, particularly since she had planned to use the statement to encourage investors to purchase stock in the new company. A friend who is an accountant insists that the company should be using absorption costing rather than variable costing. He argues that if absorption costing had been used, the company would probably have reported a profit for the month. Selected cost data relating to the product and to the first month of operations follow:
Units produced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000
Units sold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40,000
Variable costs per unit:
Direct materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1.00
Direct labour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.80
Variable manufacturing overhead. . . . . . . . . . . . $0.20
Variable selling and administrative expenses . . $0.75
Required:
1. Complete the following.
a. Compute the unit product cost under absorption costing.
b. Redo the company’s income statement for the month using absorption costing.
c. Reconcile the variable and absorption costing operating income (loss) figures.
2. Was the accountant correct in suggesting that the company really earned a “profit” for the month? Explain.
3. During the second month of operations, the company again produced 50,000 units but sold 60,000 units. (Assume no change in total fixed costs.)
a. Prepare a contribution format income statement for the month using variable costing.
b. Prepare an income statement for the month using absorption costing.
c. Reconcile the variable costing and absorption costing operating income figures.


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  • CreatedJuly 08, 2015
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